Tag Archives: North East history

North East Quiz 5

Test your North East knowledge. Some more summer time quiz questions to test your knowledge of the History of North East England.

West Auckland World Cup
Sculpture commemorating a World Cup victory of 1909. It was unveiled by Sir John Hall, David Ticer Thomas and Tim Healy in 2013 © David Simpson

1. Which County Durham village won the football World Cup in 1909 and 1911?

2. Where would you find Britain’s oldest surviving church dedication inscription?

3. Laidley, Lambton, Longwitton and Sockburn are all examples of North East what?

4. Which Newcastle street was known as Vicus Peregronium before 1230?

Spirit of the Staithes, Blyth.
Spirit of the Staithes, © David Simpson

5. Where would you find a sculpture called the Spirit of the Staithes?

6. Who said of a Barnard Castle establishment “There is good ale at the King’s Head. Say you know me and I am sure they will not charge you for it.”?

7. What name is given to the Stowell Street area of Newcastle?

8. The historic church at Coniscliffe (which means King’s Cliff) near Darlington is dedicated to which Northumbrian king and saint?

9. What was the name of the Willington Quay-born TV anchorman who hosted regional TV news magazine programmes in the region from 1962 until his retirement in 2005?

10. The Rey Cross near the A66 to the west of Barnard Castle is situated near the site where which 10th century Viking king and warrior met his end in an ambush?

Roman town site at Corbridge
Corstopitum © David Simpson

11. Which North East town was known to the Romans as Corstopitum (or Coriosopitum)?

12. What do the towns of Yarm on Tees, Warkworth and the City of Durham all have in common?

13. The Winning in the name of Esh Winning, a village in County Durham, refers to winning what?

14. Which North East town was described by the Prime Minister Gladstone as “an infant Hercules”?

Lumley Warriors, Chestr-le-Street church
Warriors, Chester-le-Street church

15. A series of medieval family effigies in the parish church at Chester-le-Street are known as the what Warriors?

16. Which North East comedian and actor was born at Cramlington in 1976?

The South Tyne from Langley viaduct.
View from the Lambley viaduct © David Simpson

17. The impressive Lambley Viaduct crosses which North East river?

18. In which North East town would you find the river feature called The Thrum?

19. In which North East range of hills might you find Happy Valley?

Hobthrush or St Cuthbert's Isle
St Cuthbert’s Isle viewed from Lindisfarne © David Simpson

20. What is the alternative name for St Cuthbert’s Isle which lies just off the shore of its larger neighbour, Lindisfarne?

21. Comedian and TV’s Pointless Presenter, Alexander Armstrong was born in which North East town?

22. Where would you find the Octagon, a former 18th century customs house who the architectural historian Nikolaus Pevsner suggested was “perhaps an after-dinner idea of Vanbrugh’s”?

The Octagon. The architectural historian Nikolaus Pevsner suggested that it was “perhaps an after-dinner idea of Vanbrugh’s” © David Simpson

23. What remarkable invention was demonstrated at Newcastle’s Literary and Philosophical Society in February 1879 and what was the name of its creator?

24. Found in the valleys of Northumberland and in the northern parts of County Durham what is a linn?

25. What is the name of the castle near Darlington built by Thomas Jennison, the Auditor of Ireland in 1603? It is now a hotel.

Walworth Castle
Castle near Darlington. See question 25 © David Simpson

26. Where would you find a Saxon and a Norman church, only metres apart, respectively known as ‘The White Church’ and ‘The Black Church’?

27. What is the name of the historian and TV presenter who was born in Lagos, Nigeria but raised in Gateshead to a British mother?

28. What links Hexham Abbey; a church at Bywell; the historic parish church of Corbridge and the medieval church at Gallowgate in Newcastle?

Elizabeth Barrett Browning
Poet born at Coxhoe Hall

29. Which famous poet (pictured) was born at Coxhoe Hall near Durham?

30. The Conyers Falchion, a sword in the possession of Durham Cathedral is associated with which legend and famous poem?

31. What beautiful creation produced around 715 AD is attributed to the Northumbrian monk and bishop, Eadfrith?

32. What remarkable feature can be found within the rocky banks of the River Coquet near Warkworth?

33. What famous drink was invented by William Owen, a chemist in Newcastle’s Barras Bridge in 1927?

34. What is the name of the Teesside-born novelist whose works include Union Street, Century’s Daughter and the Regeneration Trilogy?

Beamish Museum
Beamish Museum © David Simpson

35. What was the name of the Yorkshire-born founder of Beamish Museum?

36. What institution established to the west of Durham City in 1808 began life at Douai in France in 1568 but relocated to England in the aftermath of the French Revolution?

37. Who was the author of A General History of Quadrupeds published in 1790?

38. What was the name of the sixteenth century rector of Houghton-le-Spring, who set out for Northumberland each winter to evangelise amongst the wild border folk of Northumberland?

39. Which North East town was the birthplace of football heroes, Bobby Charlton, Jack Charlton and Jackie Milburn?

40. What was the name (and also the location) of the battle on Tyneside in 1640 that was a major prelude the English Civil War?

Answers Below



  1. West Auckland.
  2. St Paul’s church, Jarrow.
  3. They are all worm legends.
  4. Pilgrim Street.
  5. Blyth.
  6. Charles Dickens.
  7. Chinatown.
  8. King Edwin.
  9. Mike Neville.
  10. Eric Bloodaxe.
  11. Corbridge.
  12. All situated within loops (meanders) of rivers.
  13. Winning of coal.
  14. Middlesbrough.
  15. The Lumley Warriors.
  16. Ross Noble.
  17. South Tyne.
  18. Rothbury.
  19. Cheviots.
  20. Hobthrush.
  21. Rothbury.
  22. Seaton Sluice.
  23. Light Bulb (incandescent lamp). Joseph Swan.
  24. Waterfalls.
  25. Walworth Castle.
  26. Bywell.
  27. Professor David Olusoga.
  28. All dedicated to St Andrew.
  29. Elizabeth Barrett (later Elizabeth Barrett Browning).
  30. The Sockburn Worm and Lewis Carroll’s ‘Jabberwocky’.
  31. Lindisfarne Gospels.
  32. Hermitage.
  33. Lucozade.
  34. Pat Barker.
  35. Frank Atkinson.
  36. Ushaw College.
  37. Beamish.
  38. Bernard Gilpin.
  39. Ashington.
  40. Newburn.

North East Maps, Gifts and Clothes by Tangled Worm

TANGLED WORM  is the online shop and sister site for England’s North East and is one way we raise revenue for the upkeep of our well-established North East site.

The England’s North East site began life as a bit of a hobby back in the 1990s and has continued to develop exponentially since.

Established by historian and former Northern Echo writer, David Simpson, it now features hundreds of pages covering North East history, culture and life. Running a site on this scale takes time and effort so revenue from the Tangled Worm shop at tangledworm.com goes towards maintaining and updating the site, even if it’s just to raise a bit of petrol money to go out and about and take photographs around the region.

With a name inspired by the worm legend stories of Northern England, Tangled Worm began life in March 2018 with a focus on maps featuring the history and heritage of North East England.

Prints featuring maps of Rude and Peculiar North East Place-Names, Border Reiver surnames, Viking Northumbria and North East Collieries have proved quite popular.

The initial focus was on these heritage maps which build on David’s extensive research into North East history. In recent months the Tangled Worm business has expanded into clothes, accessories and gifts, mostly with North East themes.

These products, with designs unique to Tangled Worm include mugs, clothes, coasters, cushions, tote bags, necklaces, door mats and tea towels and we are constantly expanding our ranges and products.

Our ranges include products with themes such as Hadrian’s Wall, Bamburgh Castle, the Angel of the North, Geordie words, Newcastle upon Tyne, Durham and Wearside as well as some products featuring our very own Tangly, the Tangled Worm which forms our logo.

Our Hadrian’s Wall range features a map of the Roman wall and the main forts. The range includes mugs, coasters and place mats, a maxi wallet and a tote bag featuring the famous Sycamore Gap.

Clothes by Tangled Worm include hoodies and t-shirts, all available in a choice of four colours in various sizes. For example our Angel T-shirt is available in grey, white, green and light blue.

We also do socks featuring our very own Tangly. Our tote bags likewise include a choice of four colours for each product. There are bags for Mackem Lasses, Geordie Lasses and Durham Lasses and others featuring the Angel, Sanctuary Knocker and Bamburgh.

We are proud of our region and it’s great that sales from Tangled Worm can be used towards keeping the England’s North East site up and running.

Check out our Tangled Worm Shop at tangledworm.com and help support a North East site and business.

North East Quiz 4

More quiz questions to test your knowledge of North East England. The fourth  Northumberland and Durham History Quiz.

St Peter's church at Monkwearmouth, Sunderland
Quiz question 1,  Famous monastic site © David Simpson

1. What were the names and locations of the two monasteries founded by Benedict Biscop in the seventh century that were both associated with the famed monk and scholar, the Venerable Bede?

2. In medieval times these North East-based men with king-like powers could raise their own armies; appoint their own sheriffs and justices; administer their own laws; levy taxes and customs duties; create fairs and markets; issue charters; salvage shipwrecks; collect revenue from mines; administer the forests and mint their own coins. Who were they?

3. What was bred by the brothers Charles and Robert Colling of Ketton Farm near Darlington around 1796 and taken on a tour of the whole country?

The Durham Ox
Question 3. What was this called?

4. What was the Rookhope Ryde?

5. The first ever video to feature on MTV was written and performed by a musician from Houghton-le-Spring. What was his name, what was the song and what was his group called?

6. Which village near Ogle in Northumberland is noted for its annual summer time baal ceremony which dates back to pagan times?

7. What was the apparent true identity of James Drummond who worked as a ferryman on the River Wear at Fatfield near Washington from around 1746?

8. In 1031 who walked barefoot from the County Durham village of Garmondsway (near Coxhoe) on a pilgrimage to St Cuthbert’s shrine?

9. The historic town of Alston in the valley of the South Tyne is situated in which county?

Market Cross, Alston
Market Cross, Alston © David Simpson

10. William of Durham, the thirteenth century rector of Wearmouth was the founder of which esteemed educational institution?

11. Where will you find one of the oldest churches in Britain, built with stones from the nearby Roman fort of Binchester?

12. North Shields-born William Harbutt (pictured) is famous for inventing which malleable substance popular with children?



13. A staggering 130,000 turned out to see the Tyneside funeral of revered sportsman Harry Clasper in 1870. What was his sport?

14. What magnificent French chateaux style building opened near the County Durham town of Barnard Castle in 1892?

15. The ‘Sunday for Sammy‘ charity entertainment event commemorates the memory of which North East actor and musician?

16. Where would you find Blast Beach, Chemical Beach and Nose’s Point?

Blast Beach, Seaham
Blast Beach, Question 16 © David Simpson

17. Where in the North East can you find a Saxon church on a hilltop village with an extensive chemical works nearby?

18. What kind of ancient feature would you find at Whitley Castle in South Tynedale?

19. Which beautiful North East castle was described by William Shakespeare as a “worm-eaten hold of ragged stone”?

20. Which notable female campaigner for women’s rights who died in 1913 lived in the village of Longhorsley near Morpeth and what was her fate?

21. Wor Nanny’s a Maizor’, The Trimdon Grange Disaster, ‘The Oakey Strike Evictions’, ‘The Durham Strike’, ‘Stanla Markit’, ‘The Cat Pie’, ‘Sheeld Raw Flud’ and ‘Dorham Gaol’ were works by which North East songwriter, known as ‘the Pitman Poet‘?

22. What was the name of the Sir Walter Scott poem that alludes to the Teesdale area with lots of references to the dale’s Viking connections?

23. What monument was built to commemorate John George Lambton, the First Earl of Durham?

St. Andrew Auckland at South Church
South Church © David Simpson

24. What is the dedication of the church at South Church in County Durham?

25. Where might you be welcomed upon entrance by the 35 feet tall, ‘Tiny Tim’ weighing 90 tons?

26. Name the Dunston-born singer with rock band AC/DC?

27. Which York-born Sunderland MP was known as ‘The Railway King

28. Which Middlesbrough-born footballer and TV presenter’s father came from Sierra Leone?

29. Bruce’s Ladder, Gunner’s Pool, Black Bull’s Hole, Kissing Frog Stones, Devil’s Lapstone, Devil’s Bridge, Devil’s Scar, Seven Chambers and Pegjellimas Cave are all features in which North East beauty spot?

30. Who were the Votadini and the Brigantes?

31. Sportsman, Charles W. Alcock (pictured) who established the FA Cup competition and organised the world’s first international football and cricket competitions was born in which North East town?

32. Who and what features on the statue at the centre of Newcastle’s Old Eldon Square?

33. What is the name of the once-elusive particle predicted by the Nobel prize-winning Newcastle-born physicist Peter Higgs?

34. What did Mrs Clements of Durham City invent in 1720?

35. What does Bigg mean in relation to the name of Newcastle’s Bigg Market?

36. The song ‘My Grandfather’s Clock ‘ (1878), from which all long case clocks now take their name was inspired by a clock situated in an inn in which North East village?

Lindisfarne or Holy Island
Question 37 © David Simpson

37. What shocking event occurred in the year AD 793 that shook the region to the core and was supposedly preceded by ‘terrible portents’, that ‘sorely affrighted the inhabitants’?

38. Hairy Biker TV chef Si King was born in which North East village near Gateshead?

39. Which town is the North East birthplace of Monty Python comedian and actor, Eric Idle?

Bede's Tomb, Durham Cathedral
Galilee Chapel and tomb, Durham Cathedral. Question 40 © David Simpson

40. The prominent tomb of whom can be found in the Galilee Chapel of Durham Cathedral?

Answers below



  1. Wearmouth and Jarrow. Respectively the monasteries of St Peter and St Paul.
  2. The Prince Bishops of Durham.
  3. The Durham Ox (or Ketton Ox).
  4. A ballad that commemorates a raid by Tynedale mosstroopers on Rookhope in Weardale in the year 1569.
  5. Trevor Horn. The song was Video Killed the Radio Star and the group was called The Buggles.
  6. Whalton.
  7. He was the Earl of Perth, a Jacobite rebel in hiding.
  8. King Cnut.
  9. Cumbria.
  10. University College, Oxford.
  11. Escomb.
  12. Plasticine.
  13. He was a rower.
  14. Bowes Museum.
  15. Sammy Johnson.
  16. Seaham.
  17. Billingham.
  18. A Roman fort.
  19. Warkworth.
  20. Emily Wilding Davison. She was killed by the King’s Horse at the Epsom Derby.
  21. Tommy Armstrong.
  22. Rokeby.
  23. Penshaw Monument.
  24. St Andrew (St Andrew’s Auckland).
  25. Beamish Museum.
  26. Brian Johnson.
  27. George Hudson.
  28. Chris Kamara.
  29. Castle Eden Dene.
  30. Northern tribes in Roman Britain.
  31. Sunderland.
  32. St George and the Dragon.
  33. Higgs Boson particle.
  34. English style mustard.
  35. It’s a kind of barley.
  36. Piercebridge.
  37. The Viking raid on Lindisfarne.
  38. Kibblesworth.
  39. South Shields.
  40. The Venerable Bede.