Guppy County Names in North East England

Guppy’s Northern Surnames (1890)

This page features the surnames of the ‘stop-at-home’ class of yeoman farmers as identified by Henry Guppy in 1890 and is intended as a supplement to the main North East surnames  A-Y list compiled by David Simpson in the pages listed above for the England’s North East site.

See the introductory page to North East surnames.

The surnames that Guppy identified as ‘peculiar’ to particular counties in the North East England region are listed and explained below. They do not always show a match to the distribution of those surnames in the 1881 census (let alone to the distribution of today) but Guppy intended to show surnames associated with counties over a long period of time. His categorised lists are a useful resource and starting point in the study of English surname distribution.

Guppy’s Surnames of Durham, Northumberland and North Yorkshire

North East surnames identified by Guppy in 1890

The nineteenth century surname researcher and scholar of the name Henry Brougham Guppy made a special study of farmers’ surnames of historic times across the counties of England and Wales which he published in his work: Homes of Family Names (1890).

He identified ‘yeoman’ farming families as the most stop-at-home surname group that often remained focused in a particular region for many centuries though he also found that some of these surnames were widespread across the country.

Focusing on England and Wales but examining the complete distribution of these surnames across Great Britain he grouped the surnames as follows :

1) General surnames : Found in great frequencies across 30-40 counties of England and Wales.

2) Common surnames : Found in great frequencies across 20-29 counties of England and Wales.

3) Regional surnames : Found in great frequencies across 10-19 counties of England and Wales.

4) District surnames : Found in 4- 9 counties of England and Wales.

5) County surnames : Found in 2-3 counties of England and Wales.

6) Peculiar surnames: Confined mostly to one county.

This page is used as a reference in conjunction with our North East surnames page. Below are listed the surnames associated with the counties of Durham, Northumberland and Yorkshire in the categories that Guppy identified.

Durham Cathedral
Durham Cathedral © David Simpson 2020

Durham surnames identified by Guppy

COUNTY DURHAM SURNAMES ACCORDING TO GUPPY

  1. GENERAL SURNAMES IN DURHAM

Surnames numerous in Durham but commonly found across 20-40 counties:

  • Brown
  • Hall
  • Johnson
  • Robinson
  • Smith
  • Taylor
  • Wilson

The ‘General Surnames’ above were all prominent in Durham in 1890, but were also numerous elsewhere. However, Guppy identified Robinson as a surname that was particularly numerous in County Durham when compared to other counties.

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 2) COMMON SURNAMES OF DURHAM

Surnames numerous in Durham but commonly found across 20-29 counties:

  • Foster and Forster
  • Harrison
  • Jackson
  • Lee
  • Parker
  • Reed (Reid in Scotland)
  • Richardson
  • Shepherd (notably in Darlington)
  • Thompson
  • Walker
  • Watson
  • Wood
  • Young (notably in Durham)

Above are the ‘Common Surnames’ as categorised by Guppy that he found prominent in Durham. All of these surnames were very numerous in Durham but in most cases there were other English counties where they were more numerous. Guppy identified Richardson, Walker and Watson as surnames that were particularly numerous in County Durham when compared to other counties. Guppy also identified Reed as a surname that was especially numerous in both the counties of Durham and Northumberland.

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L

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3) REGIONAL SURNAMES OF DURHAM

Surnames numerous in Durham but commonly found across 10-19 counties:

  • Atkinson
  • Bell
  • Dawson
  • Dixon
  • Dunn
  • Eliott
  • Gibson
  • Hardy
  • Hart
  • Holmes
  • Lamb
  • Miller
  • Newton
  • Nicholson
  • Oliver
  • Scott
  • Simpson
  • Stephenson (Darlington)
  • Walton (Darlington)
  • Wilkinson
  • Williamson

Although the above ‘Regional surnames’ are very prominent in Durham, many of these were more numerous in certain other English counties of England. However, Guppy identified Elliott, Gibson, Stephenson, Walton and Wilkinson as surnames that were particularly numerous in County Durham when compared to other counties.

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4) DISTRICT SURNAMES OF COUNTY DURHAM

Surnames numerous in Durham but commonly found across 4-9 counties:

  • Anderson
  • Bainbridge
  • Coulson
  • Crow / Crowe
  • Davison
  • Dobson
  • Dodds
  • Emmerson and Emerson
  • Graham
  • Hodgson :
  • Hull
  • Hunter
  • Hutchinson
  • Lawson :
  • Parkin
  • Peacock
  • Pickering
  • Robson
  • Rutter
  • Sanderson
  • Snowdon
  • Sowerby (notably in Darlington)
  • Storey
  • Thornton (notably Darlington)
  • Todd
  • Tweddell
  • Wade
  • Whitfield

Although the above ‘District surnames’ are very prominent several of the above were more numerous in other counties. Guppy  identified those surnames highlighted in bold: Bainbridge, Crow, Davison, Dobson, Emerson, Emmerson, Hodgson, Hull, Hunter, Hutchinson, Lawson, Parkin, Rutter, Sanderson, Snowdon, Tweddell and Whitefield as surnames that were especially numerous in County Durham when compared with other counties.

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5) COUNTY SURNAMES OF DURHAM

Surnames numerous in Durham but commonly found across 2-3 counties:

  • Adamson
  • Allinson or Allison
  • Angus
  • Blackett
  • Blair
  • Blenkinsopp
  • Collingwood
  • Collinson
  • Curry
  • Dent (Darlington)
  • Dowson
  • Dryden
  • Errington
  • Featherstone
  • Fothergill
  • Gibbon
  • Hedley
  • Henderson
  • Heslop
  • Jobson
  • Laws
  • Longstaff
  • Lowes
  • Lowrey
  • Maddison
  • Maughan
  • Meek
  • Milburn
  • Nixon
  • Pattison
  • Potts
  • Raine
  • Ridley
  • Ritson
  • Snowball
  • Stobbs
  • Swinburne
  • Tate (Sunderland)
  • Tindale
  • Tyndal
  • Turnbull
  • Vickers (Darlington)
  • Wallace
  • Waugh
  • Wheatley
  • Winter

Although the above ‘County surnames’ as categorised by Guppy are very numerous in County Durham, many can be found in even greater numbers in certain other counties of England. The exceptions are Adamson, Blackett, Blenkinsopp Collingwood, Collinson, Curry Dent, Dowson, Errington, Gibbon, Longstaff, Lowes, Lwrey, Maddison, Meek, Pattison, Raine, Snowball, Tate, Tindal. Tyndal, Vickers and Wheatley which Guppy identified as ‘County surnames’ that were especially numerous in County Durham when compared with other counties.

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6) SURNAMES PECULIAR TO COUNTY DURHAM

Certain ‘Yeoman’ names were almost exclusively associated with a single county in times past. These are surnames identified by Henry Guppy as County Durham surnames peculiar to the county:

  • Applegarth
  • Beadle
  • Bruce
  • Bullman
  • Bulman
  • Burdon
  • Callender
  • Coatsworth : (Darlington)
  • Eggleston
  • Greenwell
  • Heppell
  • Hepple
  • Hewitson
  • Hopps
  • James
  • Jameson
  • Jamieson
  • Kirkup
  • Kirton
  • MacLaren
  • Makepeace
  • Mallam (Sunderland)
  • Pallister
  • Pease
  • Proud
  • Quelch
  • Shotton
  • Surtees
  • Tarn
  • Tinkler
  • Walburn
  • Wearmouth

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Alnwick Castle from the Lion Bridge © David Simpson 2018
Alnwick Castle from the Lion Bridge © David Simpson 2018

Northumberland surnames identified by Guppy

NORTHUMBERLAND YEOMAN FARMER SURNAMES ACCORDING TO GUPPY

  1. GENERAL SURNAMES OF NORTHUMBERLAND

Surnames numerous in Northumberland but commonly found across 20-40 counties:

  • Brown
  • Green
  • Hall
  • Johnson
  • Martin
  • Robinson
  • Smith
  • Taylor
  • Wilson

Although the above ‘General surnames’ are prominent and numerous in Northumberland, most of these are more numerous elsewhere in certain other counties of England except for Brown, Hall and Johnson which were identified by Guppy as exceptionally numerous in Northumberland when compared to other counties.

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L

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2) COMMON SURNAMES OF NORTHUMBERLAND

Surnames numerous in Northumberland but commonly found across 20-29 counties:

  • Foster and Forster
  • Lee
  • Parker
  • Reed
  • Richardson;
  • Thompson
  • Watson
  • Young

The above ‘common surnames’ are prominent in Northumberland, but again several were found by Guppy to be more numerous in other counties of England. The exceptions were Forster/Foster and Thompson which he found to be exceptionally numerous in the County of Northumberland. Guppy identified Reed as exceptionally numerous in the counties of Durham and Northumberland.

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L

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3) REGIONAL SURNAMES OF NORTHUMBERLAND

Surnames numerous in Northumberland but commonly found across 10-19 counties:

  • Atkinson
  • Bell
  • Dixon
  • Dunn
  • Elliott 
  • Gibson
  • Gray / Grey
  • Harrison
  • Lamb
  • Marshall
  • Nicholson
  • Oliver
  • Pearson
  • Scott
  • Stephenson / Stevenson (Darlington)
  • Walton
  • Wilkinson

Once again the above ‘Regional surnames’ are prominent in Northumberland, but for many of these there were other English counties where they were more numerous. However, in comparison with other counties Guppy identified Bell, Dixon, Gray and Grey, Lamb, Oliver and Scott as exceptionally numerous in Northumberland. Guppy identified Elliott as particularly numerous in both the counties of Durham and Northumberland.

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L

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4) DISTRICT SURNAMES OF NORTHUMBERLAND

Surnames numerous in Northumberland but commonly found across 4-9 counties:

  • Anderson
  • Appleby
  • Armstrong
  • Arthur
  • Carr
  • Charlton
  • Coulson
  • Coxon
  • Davidson and Davison
  • Dickinson
  • Dodd :
  • Dodds
  • Emmerson
  • English
  • Graham
  • Hunter
  • Hutchinson
  • Little
  • Nixon
  • Pickering
  • Robson
  • Rutter
  • Sanderson (Berwick)
  • Short
  • Storey
  • Swan and Swann
  • Teasdale
  • Thornton
  • Tweddell / Tweddle / Tweedle
  • Wardell and Wardle
  • Whitfield

The above ‘District surnames’ highlighted in bold were those surnames identified by Guppy as most numerous in Northumberland when compared to other counties. Other surnames not highlighted in bold, though common in Northumberland were identified as more numerous in another county or counties.

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L

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5) COUNTY SURNAMES OF NORTHUMBERLAND

Surnames numerous in Northumberland but commonly found across 2-3 counties:

  • Angus
  • Batey and Baty
  • Birkett
  • Black
  • Blair Originally from Scotland
  • Blenkinsopp
  • Burn
  • Crawford
  • Douglas (Scottish Borders)
  • Dryden
  • Errington :
  • Fenwick 
  • Ferguson
  • Hedley
  • Henderson
  • Heslop
  • Hetherington
  • Jobson
  • Laurie and Lowry
  • Laws
  • Liddell and Liddle
  • Lowes
  • Mather
  • Maughan
  • Milburn
  • Moffat
  • Murray
  • Nichol
  • Ord
  • Patterson and Pattison
  • Pigg
  • Potts
  • Purvis
  • Rand
  • Rea and Reay
  • Riddell and Riddle
  • Ridley
  • Robertson
  • Rowell
  • Rutherford
  • Snaith (Otterburn)
  • Stobbs
  • Stothert / Stotherd / Stoddart
  • Tait and Tate
  • Turnbull
  • Urwin
  • Wallace
  • Waugh

The above ‘County surnames’ highlighted in bold were those surnames identified by Guppy as most numerous in Northumberland compared to other counties of England and Wales. Other surnames not highlighted in bold, though very numerous in Northumberland were identified as being most numerous in another county or counties.

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L

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6) PECULIAR SURNAMES TO NORTHUMBERLAND

Certain ‘Yeoman’ names were almost exclusively associated with a single county in times past. The following are surnames identified by Henry Guppy as Northumberland surnames peculiar to the county.

  • Alder
  • Allan
  • Annett
  • Arkle
  • Aynsley
  • Bewick 
  • Bolam
  • Borthwick and Bothwick
  • Brewis
  • Brodie
  • Bushby (Haltwhistle)
  • Cairns
  • Carmichael
  • Cockburn  (Berwickshire)
  • Common
  • Cowan, Cowen and Cowing
  • Craig
  • Dand
  • Dinning
  • Embleton
  • Fairbairn : (Scottish name)
  • Gallon
  • Gillhespy (Newcastle area)
  • Glendinning
  • Harle
  • Herdman
  • Hindmarsh
  • Hogg
  • Howey, Howie
  • Jobling
  • Laidler
  • Lumsden
  • Middlemas and Middlemiss
  • Morrison
  • Nevin and Nevins
  • Ormston
  • Phillipson
  • Pringle
  • Renton
  • Renwick
  • Roddam
  • Shanks
  • Shield
  • Stewart
  • Stobart and Stobert
  • Straughan
  • Telfer and Telford
  • Usher
  • Wanlace and Wanless
  • Weddel and Weddle
  • Younger

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A Wensleydale scene © David Simpson 2021

North Riding and East Riding : Yorkshire surnames identified by Guppy

NORTH AND EAST RIDING OF YORKSHIRE YEOMAN FARMER SURNAMES ACCORDING TO GUPPY

1) GENERAL SURNAMES YORKSHIRE NORTH AND EAST RIDING

Surnames numerous in Yorkshire but commonly found across 20-40 counties:

  • Brown
  • Hall
  • Johnson
  • Robinson
  • Wilson

Although the above ‘General surnames’ are prominent in Yorkshire’s North and East Ridings, all are more numerous elsewhere in England except for Johnson and Robinson which are most numerous in Yorkshire’s North and East Ridings though Guppy also found Johnson especially numerous surname in Northumberland and Robinson particularly numerous in County Durham.

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 2) COMMON SURNAMES OF YORKSHIRE’S NORTH AND EAST RIDINGS

Surnames numerous in Yorkshire’s North and East Ridings but commonly found across 20-29 counties:

  • Chapman
  • Foster
  • Harrison
  • Jackson
  • Mason
  • Moore
  • Richardson;
  • Thompson
  • Walker
  • Ward
  • Watson

Although the above ‘common surnames’ are prominent in Yorkshire’s North and East Ridings, most are more numerous elsewhere in certain other counties of England except for Harrison, Jackson, Richardson, Thompson, Ward and Watson which Guppy found exceptionally numerous in Yorkshire’s North and East Ridings.

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L

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3) REGIONAL SURNAMES OF YORKSHIRE’S NORTH AND EAST RIDINGS

Surnames numerous in Yorkshire’s North and East Ridings but commonly found across 10-19 counties:

  • Atkinson
  • Barker
  • Dixon
  • Dunn (Hull)
  • Hudson (York)
  • Newton (Whitby)
  • Pearson
  • Simpson
  • Stephenson
  • Webster
  • Wilkinson

The above ‘Regional surnames’ are prominent in Yorkshire’s North and East Ridings. Most are more numerous in other counties of England except for Atkinson, Barker, Dynn, Pearson, Simpson, Stephenson, and Wilkinson which Guppy identified as exceptionally numerous in Yorkshire’s North and East Ridings.

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4) DISTRICT SURNAMES OF YORKSHIRE’S NORTH AND EAST RIDINGS

Surnames numerous in Yorkshire’s North and East Ridings but commonly found across 4-9 counties:

  • Bainbridge
  • Beal
  • Bradshaw
  • Braithwaite
  • Clarkson
  • Coates
  • Dale
  • Dennis
  • Dobson
  • Dunning
  • Fawcett
  • Hodgson
  • Hutchinson
  • Jordan (Hull)
  • Kirby (York and Hull)
  • Kirk
  • Kitchin and Kitching (Northallerton)
  • Lambert
  • Lawson
  • Metcalfe and Metcalf (Bedale)
  • Milner (York and Hull)
  • Peacock (Richmond and Northallerton)
  • Pickering
  • Sowerby

The above ‘District surnames’ highlighted in bold were those Yorkshire surnames identified by Guppy as most numerous in the North and East Ridings when compared to other counties. Other surnames not highlighted in bold, though common in Yorkshire’s North and East Ridings were identified as most numerous in another county or counties.

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5) COUNTY SURNAMES OF YORKSHIRE’S NORTH AND EAST RIDINGS

Surnames numerous in Yorkshire’s North and East Ridings but commonly found across 2-3 counties:

  • Alderson (Richmond)
  • Allinson and Allison
  • Appleton
  • Boyes
  • Calvert (Richmond)
  • Cokerell and Cockerill
  • Craven
  • Cundell
  • Cundill
  • Dent
  • Dowson
  • Featherstone
  • Flintoff (Yarm)
  • Frankland
  • Hebden
  • Hird
  • Hogarth, Hoggard and Hoggart
  • Hopper
  • Hornby
  • Horner
  • Jefferson
  • Lofthouse
  • Lowish
  • Lumley
  • Mudd (Bedale area)
  • Porritt
  • Raine (near Darlington in County Durham)
  • Sayer
  • Sherwood
  • Shipley
  • Siddall, Siddell and Siddle
  • Sleightholme (York)
  • Smithson
  • Spence
  • Strickland
  • Swales
  • Thwaite (Bedale)
  • Tindall
  • Topham
  • Trotter
  • Weatherill, Wetherell and Wetherill
  • Wise
  • Yeoman

The above ‘County surnames’ highlighted in bold were those surnames identified by Guppy as most numerous in Yorkshire’s North and East Ridings compared to other counties of England and Wales. Other surnames not highlighted in bold, though common in Yorkshire’s North and East Ridings were identified as most numerous in another county or counties.

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6) SURNAMES PECULIAR TO YORKSHIRE’S NORTH AND EAST RIDINGS

Guppy’s peculiar names were the ‘Yeoman’ surnames almost exclusively associated with a single county in times past. The list below shows the surnames identified by Henry Guppy as Yorkshire surnames historically peculiar to East and North Riding:

  • Agar
  • Blenkin
  • Blenkiron
  • Bosomworth (Thirsk)
  • Botterill (York)
  • Bowes (York)
  • Brigham
  • Bulmer
  • Codling
  • Coverdale
  • Creaser
  • Danby
  • Dinsdale (Bedale)
  • Duck
  • Duggleby
  • Elgey and Elgie
  • Ellerby
  • Foxton
  • Galloway
  • Garbutt
  • Goodwill
  • Grainger
  • Harker (Richmond)
  • Harland
  • Hawking
  • Hebron
  • Heseltine
  • Hick
  • Holliday and Holyday
  • Horsley
  • Hugill
  • Iveson
  • Jacques
  • Jordison
  • Judson
  • Kendrew (York)
  • Kettlewell
  • Kilvington
  • Kipling
  • Knaggs
  • Lamlough and Lamplugh (Hull)
  • Laverack and Laverick
  • Leak and Leake
  • Leaper
  • Leckenby
  • Matson, Matterson, Mattison
  • Medforth
  • Megginson, Meggison, Megson
  • Monkman
  • Nornabell
  • Nottingham
  • Outhtwaite
  • Parnaby
  • Petch
  • Pickersgill
  • Plews
  • Porrett and Porritt
  • Precious
  • Prodham and Prudom
  • Pybus
  • Raw (Richmond)
  • Readman
  • Rennison
  • Rider
  • Rodmell
  • Rounthwaite and Routhwaite
  • Rowntree
  • Scarth
  • Sedman
  • Sellars and Sellers
  • Severs
  • Speceley and Spensley
  • Stainthorpe
  • Stavely
  • Stockhill, Stockill, Stokell
  • Stonehouse
  • Sturdy
  • Suddaby
  • Suggett and Suggitt
  • Sunter (Bedale)
  • Tennison (Hull)
  • Tweedy
  • Tyerman and Tyreman
  • Ventress and Ventris
  • Wieighell and Weighill
  • Welburn and Wellburn
  • Welford (Whitby)
  • Whitwell (York)
  • Wilberforce and Wilberfoss
  • Witty
  • Wray (York)
  • Wrightson

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Alston Market Place
Alston Market Place. Cumbria Photo © David Simpson 2018

Cumberland and Westmorland surnames identified by Guppy

CUMBERLAND AND WESTMORLAND YEOMAN FARMER SURNAMES ACCORDING TO GUPPY

Surnames in bold (see explanations under Northumberland, Durham and Yorkshire above) are the surnames particularly numerous in Cumberland and Westmorland.

1) GENERAL SURNAMES CUMBERLAND AND WESTMORLAND

Surnames numerous in Cumberland and Westmorland but commonly found across 20-40 counties:

  • Brown 
  • Browne (Windermere)
  • Clark
  • Robinson
  • Smith
  • Wilson

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2) COMMON SURNAMES OF CUMBERLAND AND WESTMORLAND

Surnames numerous in Cumberland and Westmorland but commonly found across 20-29 counties:

  • Harrison
  • Jackson
  • Robinson 
  • Richardson (Carlisle)
  • Shepherd
  • Thompson
  • Watson (Carlisle)

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3) REGIONAL SURNAMES OF CUMBERLAND AND WESTMORLAND

Surnames numerous in Cumberland and Westmorland but commonly found across 10-19 counties:

  • Atkinson 
  • Barnes
  • Bell (Carlisle)
  • Dawson
  • Dixon
  • Fisher
  • Gibson
  • Nicholson
  • Scott
  • Walton (Carlisle)
  • Williamson

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4) DISTRICT SURNAMES OF CUMBERLAND AND WESTMORLAND

Surnames numerous in Cumberland and Westmorland but commonly found across 4-9 counties:

  • Archer
  • Armstrong (Carlisle)
  • Bainbridge (Burton-in Kendal)
  • Benson
  • Braithwaite
  • Carr (Carlisle)
  • Davidson (Carlisle)
  • Fawcett
  • Graham (Carlisle)
  • Hogdson
  • Hutchinson
  • Kitchen and Kitching
  • Lancaster
  • Lightfoot
  • Little
  • Nelson
  • Reay
  • Slack (Carlisle)
  • Sowerby
  • Steel and Steele
  • Teasdale (Carlisle)
  • Todd

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5) COUNTY SURNAMES OF CUMBERLAND AND WESTMORLAND

Surnames numerous in Cumberland and Westmorland but commonly found across 2-3 counties:

  • Airey
  • Backhouse
  • Bowman
  • Bownass (Carnforth)
  • Bramwell (Carlisle)
  • Couthard (Carlisle)
  • Dodgson
  • Ellwood
  • Fell
  • Ferguson
  • Garnett
  • Hetherington (Carlisle)
  • Hilton
  • Hogarth (Kendal)
  • Irving (Carlisle)
  • Jefferson (Wigton)
  • Millican and Milligan
  • Moffat
  • Musgrave
  • Park
  • Ritson
  • Rook and Rooke
  • Strickland
  • Swinburn
  • Tyson

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6) SURNAMES PECULIAR TO CUMBERLAND AND WESTMORLAND

  • Beattie and Beaty 
  • Burns 
  • Carruthers
  • Dalzell and Dalziel 
  • Donald
  • Faulder (Carlisle)
  • Fearon 
  • Fleming 
  • Johnston 
  • Martindale 
  • Mossop (Carnforth)
  • Mounsey 
  • Pattinson (Carlisle)
  • Routledge
  • Sim and Simm 
  • Spotterswood 
  • Thomlinson
  • Topping 

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Guppy’s England and Wales surnames

General, Common and Regional Surnames

Below, we cover the ‘general’, ‘common’ and ‘regional’ surnames of England Wales as identified by Henry Guppy. Some of these surnames may not have any presence (as detailed) in the North of England. The regional distributions given after some of the names are those observed by Guppy.

General surnames of England and Wales

(Common farmer names across 30-40 counties)

  • Allen
  • Brown
  • Clark / Clarke
  • Cook / Cooke
  • Green 
  • Hall
  • Harris / Harrison
  • Johnson
  • Martin
  • Robinson
  • Smith
  • Taylor
  • White
  • Wilson
  • Wright
  • Common Surnames of England and Wales

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(Common farmer across 20-29 counties)

  • Adams
  • Andrews : Rare in the northern counties beyond the Dee and Humber.
  • Bailey : General distribution except in the North and four SW Counties.
  • Baker : Widespread in England but diminishes rapidly in frequency as we proceed northward.
  • Bennett : rare north of Lincolnshire and Lancashire
  • Brooke / Brooks : Well distributed in England except counties north of Lancashire and Yorkshire. Yorkshire’s West Riding and Somerset are the principal centres.
  • Carter : Widely distributed.
  • Chapman
  • Cole / Coles : South of England and especially the south west. Rare north of a line drawn west from the Wash.
  • Cooper : Wide distribution but rare or absent in northern and south western counties.
  • Davies / Davis : Especially numerous in Wales and then the English counties on the Welsh border, dying out in the North of England.
  • Edwards : Very dense in Wales also widespread in English counties south of the Wash-Mersey.
  • Ellis : Distributed across England and Wales except in the counties of Durham, Northumberland, Wesmorland and Cumberland where Guppy suggests its place is taken by Elliot. Yet Guppy notes that the West Riding of Yorkshire is one of the counties in which it is most numerous.
  • Foster / Forster
  • Harrison
  • Hill : Well distributed across England except northern counties of Yorkshire and Lancashire.
  • Hunt : Well distributed across England except in the north.
  • Jackson
  • James : A surname most prominent in South Wales and Monmouthshire.
  • Jones
  • King : A surname of the southern half of England.
  • Lee
  • Mason : Widespread across England except for the south coast along with Northumberland, Durham Cumberland and Westmorland but numerous in Lancashire and Yorkshire,
  • Matthews : Southern half or England.
  • Mitchell : Widespread in England and Scotland but most frequent in the south of England.
  • Moore : Widespread across England and in the north found particularly in Yorkshire and Cheshire.
  • Morris : Spread across England but scanty representation in Northumberland.
  • Palmer : Rare in the northern counties of England.
  • Parker : Widespread distribution in England includes centres in West Riding, Lancashire and Northumberland but also east midland counties of Derbyshire and Lincolnshire.
  • Phillips : Wales and bordering counties of England. The name Phillipson is centred upon Northumberland.
  • Read / Reed / Reid
  • Richardson
  • Roberts : Especially north Wales, also south Wales and Welsh border counties. Scattered across England.
  • Rogers : Rare or absent north of the Humber-Mersey line.
  • Sanders / Saunders : Southern half of England.
  • Shepherd / Sheppard
  • Stephens / Stevens : Southern half of England especially Cornwall.
  • Thompson
  • Walker
  • Ward
  • Watson
  • Webb : Southern half of England.
  • Williamson
  • Wood
  • Young

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Regional Surnames of England and Wales

(Common farmer names found across 10-19 counties)

  • Arnold : Not northern. Confined south of a line from the Wash to Mersey.
  • Atkins / Adkins : Midlands name.
  • Atkinson
  • Austin / Austen : Central and Eastern counties of the south.
  • Ball : West side of England including Lancashire
  • Barker
  • Barnes : Widespread with focus in Dorset, Hampshire and Wiltshire but also Lancashire, Cumberland and Westmorland.
  • Barrett : Irregular scattering.
  • Bates (and Batey)
  • Bell
  • Berry : Most numerous in Lancashire but scattered elsewhere.
  • Bird : East of England south of the Wash.
  • Bishop : South of a line from the Wash to the Dee.
  • Burton : Mostly midland counties and eastern England
  • Butler : Widely scattered but especially neighbouring counties of Wiltshire, Hampshire and Berkshire.
  • Chamberlain / Chambers : Scarce in the Northern and South Western counties.
  • Collins / Collings : Most frequent in Kent and Sussex. Its place in the North of England taken by Collinson.
  • Cox : Rare or absent in the counties of northern England and eastern counties.
  • Cross : Rare or absent in the northern counties.
  • Curtis : South of England and east of England south of the Humber.
  • Daniel / Daniels : Rare in England north of Norfolk and Warwickshire
  • Dawson
  • Day : Southern part of England.
  • Dean : Cheshire and Staffordshire as well as Wiltshire area.
  • Dixon
  • Dunn
  • Elliot / Elliott
  • Evans : Most numerous in Wales. rare in the northern counties.
  • Fisher : Irregular distribution across England but Guppy noted that it was numerous in Cumberland Westmorland, Lancashire, Notinghamshire and Norfolk.
  • Fletcher : Most numerous in Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire
  • Ford : Southern and western counties.
  • Fowler : Irregular distribution, notable in counties of Gloucestershire and Dorset.
  • Fox : A name of the Midlands
  • Freeman : The centre of England.
  • French
  • Gardner / Gardener : Mostly the Midlands, rare in the North except Lancashire.
  • George : Monmouthshire and south Wales.
  • Gibbs : Southern counties of England.
  • Gibson
  • Gilbert :Eastern midlands, Warwickshire and Worcester.
  • Goodwin : Midlands surname.
  • Gray / Grey
  • Griffin : Not found in the northern half of England.
  • Griffiths : Wales and neighbouring counties of England.
  • Hammond : South east counties and Welsh Border counties, especially Cheshire.
  • Harding : South west England.
  • Hardy : Midlands surname.
  • Hart
  • Harvey : Well distributed south of a line from the Humber and the River Dee at Chester.
  • Hawkins : West of England name Gloucestershire etc.
  • Holmes : Rare in the south and south west. Durham, Derbyshire, West Riding of Yorkshire and Lincolnshire are its primary homes.
  • Howard : Primarily eastern counties of the south of the Humber
  • Hudson : Centres are Norfolk, Derbyshire and Yorkshire.
  • Hughes : A name of Wales.
  • Humphrey / Humphreys : Rare in the northern half of England.
  • Hutchings / Hutchinson
  • Jeffery / Jefferies / Jeffreys : South of England, especially Wiltshire.
  • Jenkins : South Wales and Monmouthshire.
  • Knight : Widely distributed in the southern half of England.
  • Lamb
  • Lane : Rare in the north of England.
  • Lawrence : Southern half of England
  • Lewis : South Wales and Monmouthshire.
  • Lloyd : North and South Wales name and bordering English counties.
  • Long : Southern half or England.
  • Lowe
  • Marsh : Mostly the southern half of England.
  • Marshall : Widely distributed across England with important centres in Nottinghamshire and Lincolnshire and to a lesser extent Northumberland and Somerset.
  • May : A south of England name.
  • Middleton
  • Miles : South of England name though rare in the south west.
  • Miller
  • Mills : Southern half or England.
  • Morgan : South Wales and Monmouthshire. Also North Wales and Welsh borders.
  • Neal / Neale : Not found in the north of England but scattered across the rest of the country.
  • Newman : Southern half of England.
  • Newton
  • Nicholls : Southern half of England. In the north Nicholson or Nichol are found in its place.
  • Nicholson
  • Norman : Disconnected distribution but no apparent northern connection.
  • Oliver
  • Osborne : Southern half of England.
  • Owen / Owens : Wales and neighbouring border counties.
  • Page : Southern half of England.
  • Parsons : A south of England name.
  • Paine / Payne : Southern half of England.
  • Pearson
  • Perkins : Southern half of England and south Wales.
  • Perry : Southern half of England.
  • Porter : Irregularly scattered across England.
  • Potter : Mostly the midlands.
  • Powell : Herefordshire, Shropshire and south Wales.
  • Pratt : Mostly a name of south East England rare elsewhere except for an isolated but less significant centre in the North and East Riding of Yorkshire.
  • Price : Herefordshire, Shropshire and Wales.
  • Proctor : Scattered across England with prominence in Lancashire and the West Riding of Yorkshire.
  • Reeve / Reeves : Southern half of England.
  • Reynolds : Central England, rare in the North except for scanty representation in Lancashire.
  • Richards : Wales and western England.
  • Rose : Parts of the Midlands and South West.
  • Russell
  • Scott : Irregularly scattered across England but main centres are Northumberland and Cumberland mirrored by Berwick, Roxburghshire and Dumfriesshire on the Scottish side.
  • Sharp : Infrequent in the north except for the West Riding of Yorkshire, Cumberland and Westmorland. Mostly focused upon the East Midlands.
  • Shaw : Especially the West Riding of Yorkshire, Cheshire and Lancashire along with the neighbouring counties of Derbyshire, Staffordshire and Nottinghamshire.
  • Simmons : Primarily south of England distribution.
  • Simpson
  • Stephenson / Stevenson
  • Stone : A south of England name.
  • Suttton : A name scattered across England.
  • Thomas : Prominent in Wales along with Herefordshire and Shropshire.
  • Walton
  • Warren : Southern half of England.
  • Watts : Southern half of England.
  • Webster : Principally Derbyshire followed by Yorkshire and Lancashire.
  • Wells : Mostly a name of the South of England.
  • West : Found especially in the eastern parts of England, presumably from a migration from western parts.
  • Wild : North Midlands and West Riding of Yorkshire name.
  • Wilkinson
  • Williamson : Northern half of England. Most numerous in Cheshire.
  • Woodward : A midlands name.

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