Category Archives: County Durham

North East Quiz 9

Test your knowledge of North East England with our ninth North East quiz.

Duddo stone circle.
Duddo, Northumberland. See question 26. Photo © David Simpson 2018

1. What is the name of the North East street pictured below?

Sandhill Newcastle
Street scene. See Question 1 : Photo © David Simpson 2015

2. What was the nationality and name of the sailor and privateer who bombed the Northumbrian village of Alnmouth with a cannon ball from his passing ship on September 23, 1779?

Alnmouth
Alnmouth. Photo © David Simpson 2018

3. Where would you find a sculpture of a male and female called ‘The Couple’ standing on a platform out in the middle of the sea watched over by a much smaller but otherwise identical couple on the shore?

'The Couple', Newbiggin
‘The Couple’, Photo © David Simpson 2018

4. Where might you find the ghost of Archie Armstrong?

5. What was the name of the ship that struck one of the Farne Islands on the morning of 7th September 1838 and resulted in the famous rescue involving the heroic lighthouse keeper’s daughter, Grace Darling?

6. Broad and Trinity in Newcastle; Church, Low and Middle in Chester-le-Street; Castle and Wear in Bishop Auckland; Castle in Durham and Church in Whickham are all examples of what?

7. Originally from County Durham but principally associated with North Northumberland, what were the Culley Brothers, Matthew and George (born 1730 and 1734) noted for?

8. Name the famous furniture designer born at Stockton-on-Tees in 1751 who shares a family name with a North East village near the A19?

9. By what name is the Battle of Branxton (1513) better known?

10. Which picturesque North East village was laid out by Louisa, the Marchioness of Waterford?

Ford village main street
Pretty village main street, Northumberland. Question 10. Photo © David Simpson 2018

11. In the courtyard of which Newcastle quayside institution will you find a former almshouse of 1787 and an anchor from the Spanish Armada of 1588?

12. Which North East town was the birthplace of Frank Williams of Formula One racing fame?

13. Which famous North East battle took place in Redesdale, Northumberland in 1388 and involved the Northumberland Percys and the Douglas family of Scotland?

14. Who composed the North East song Keep Your Feet Still Geordie Hinny?

15. What was the name and occupation of the Akenside from whom Newcastle’s Akenside Hill takes its name?

16. Where in the North East would you find the picturesque Trafalgar Square situated around a green with a plaque commemorating 76 local sailors who served at the Battle of Trafalgar?

Trafalgar Square, Sunderland
Trafalgar Square : Photo © David Simpson

17. Which battle fought near the Roman Wall a few miles north of Hexham persuaded the victorious Northumbrian king, Oswald to convert to Christianity and who were the opponents in the battle?

18. Name the Swalwell-born composer who reputedly wrote the tune to Auld Lang Syne?

19. Where might you have once found an eighteenth century military defensive instalment called the Black Cat battery?

20. What is significant about Ellington in terms of North East coal mining and what was the nickname with which the mine was associated?

Ellington.
Ellington village, Northumberland. Photo © David Simpson 2018

21. Which two North East rivers are separated by the sandy Cambois beach?

Cambois beach looking south towards Blyth
Cambois beach looking south. Photo © David Simpson 2018

22. With which North East colliery village would you have associated Richard Haswell’s fictional character ‘Geordie Broon?

23. Where would you find Javel Groupe?

24. Who was the renowned journalist born at Embleton in North Northumberland and what was his eventual fate?

25. Which American comedian indirectly takes his name from a Northumbrian ballad that commemorates a Cheviot hunt and the Battle of Otterburn?

View of the Cheviots from the Duddo stones.
View of the Cheviots near Duddo. Photo © David Simpson 2018

26. What ancient site can you find in the middle of a field with great surrounding views near the village of Duddo in north Northumberland?

Teesdale
Teesdale. Photo © David Simpson 2018

27. White-washed farm-houses in Teesdale usually signify that they are part of which landed estate?

28. Which Newcastle street was historically associated with the distinctive keelmen fraternity who transported coal to ships on the Tyne using their boats called keels?

29. What is Sting’s real name?

30. Name the five rivers found in Tyne and Wear?

Two rivers at Jarrow. Photo: David Simpson

31. Name the ten rivers found in the historic county of Durham and the three rivers that it acquired  from the North Riding of Yorkshire in the 1970s following boundary changes?

32. What is the name of the famous character created by the Hartlepool cartoonist Reg Smythe (1917-1998)?

33. Until 1836 what was unusual about the districts of Bedlingtonshire, Norhamshire and Islandshire in Northumberland?

34. Born and brought up in Teesdale near Barnard Castle, name the explorer and renewable energy champion who was the first man to walk to both poles?

35. Which prominent North East family were closely associated with Streatlam near Barnard Castle and Gibside near Gateshead?

36. Which North East village was known as ‘Little Moscow‘ from its communist sympathies and a street called Marx and Lenin Terrace?

37. Shiremoor in North Tyneside was named from which historic North East district or ‘shire’?

38. What was the name of the German industrialist who was the first mayor and first MP for Middlesbrough?

39. What famous Roman fort is located at Chesterholm in Northumberland?

40. Where would you find Killingworth Billy and what is it?

Answers below

 

Answers

  1. Sandhill, a quayside street, Newcastle upon Tyne
  2. John Paul Jones. He was American.
  3. Newbiggin-by-the-Sea.
  4. Haughton Castle, Northumberland.
  5. The Forfarshire.
  6. They are all ‘Chares’.
  7. Farmers who bred the Border Leicester sheep.
  8. Thomas Sheraton.
  9. Flodden Field.
  10. Ford village, Northumberland.
  11. Trinity House.
  12. South Shields.
  13. Otterburn.
  14. Joe Wilson.
  15. Mark Akenside. He was a poet.
  16. Sunderland.
  17. Heavenfield. King Oswald fought against the Welsh.
  18. William Shield.
  19. Sunderland.
  20. Ellington was the region’s last colliery. The mine was known as ‘The Big E’.
  21. The River Wansbeck and River Blyth.
  22. Backworth.
  23. Newcastle quayside.
  24. W.T. Stead. He died on board the Titanic.
  25. Chevy Chase.
  26. Duddo standing stones, a small stone circle.
  27. Raby.
  28. Sandgate.
  29. Gordon Sumner.
  30. Rivers Tyne, Derwent, Team, Don and Wear.
  31. Rivers Tyne, Derwent, Team, Don, Wear, Tees, Browney, Deerness, Gaunless and Skerne. The River Balder, River Lune and River Greta were moved into Durham from Yorkshire.
  32. Andy Capp.
  33. They were part of County Durham (The County Palatine of Durham).
  34. Robert Swan.
  35. The Bowes family.
  36. Chopwell.
  37. Tynemouthshire.
  38. Henry Bolckow.
  39. Vindolanda.
  40. It’s a locomotive found at the Stephenson Railway Museum, North Shields.

North East Quiz 8

Test your knowledge of North East England with our latest North East quiz focusing on the history, geography and culture of the region.

Roman gatehouse at Arbeia
Reconstruction of a Roman gatehouse at Arbeia : Photo © David Simpson

1, Which place in the North East was known to the Romans as Arbeia meaning ‘place of the Arabs’? In Roman times it was home to a unit of bargemen from the River Tigris in what is now Iraq.

2, What is the name of the sculptor who created Tommy at Seaham and Fiddlers Green at North Shields?

‘Tommy’  at Seaham. Photo: © 2018 David Simpson

3. Which North East comedian was known as ‘The Little Waster‘?

4. Who was the Norton-on-Tees born director of Quadrophenia and creator or Auf Wiedersehen Pet (which he pitched to Ian La Frenais)?  He also created TV’s Master Chef.

5, What was the name of the community venture situated in a County Durham town that was sometimes known as the Pitmen’s Academy? It unearthed and encouraged the talents of pitmen like the writer, Sid Chaplin and local artists Norman Cornish and Tom McGuinness.

6. What is the name of the river local to Ashington and Morpeth?

River Wansbeck near Sheepwash, Ashington.
Here is the river at Sheepwash near Ashington. Question 6, Photo © David Simpson 2018

7. Which North East castle chillingly claims to be Britain’s most haunted?

8 .What was supposedly slain at Cleve’s Cross near Ferryhill by Hodge of Ferry around the year 1200?

9. Who was the author of De Temporum Ratione (The Reckoning of Time) that became the major influence for the way in which we still count our years today from the birth of Christ ?

10. What shapes feature on the ancient and mysterious prehistoric markings such as those found on Doddington Moor in north Northumberland?

11. Which famous entertainer and comedian once resided in Bishop Auckland and in North Shields’ Dockwray Square – where there is a statue to his honour?

Stan Laurel, Laurel Park, Dockwray Square, North Shield
Dockwray Square, North Shields. Photo © David Simpson 2018

12. What is the official name of the Lady of the North, a 44 acre landscape sculpture near Cramlington?

Northumberlandia, the Lady of the North
The Lady of the North. Photo Question 12. © David Simpson 2018

13. Where in the North East did King Cnut allegedly have his hair cut in the year 1031 before visiting St Cuthbert’s shrine at Durham?

14. What is the name of the Middlesbrough-born artist and former shipyard worker noted for his abstract art and ‘square sheep’?

15. In which Northumbrian dale can you find Otterburn?

16. In 1747 what did the Sedgefield vicar’s wife do to her deceased husband to ensure that she kept receiving payment for parish tithes?

17. Where on the North East coast would you find Sparrow Hall?

The remains of Sparrow Hall in the old part of Cullercoats.
The remains of Sparrow Hall. Photo © David Simpson 2018

18. Which frequently altered Northumberland village-name provided the inspiration for a lengthy comedy routine by the comedian Stewart Lee?

19. What famous painting by Velazquez was housed for many years in a grand hall near Barnard Castle from which it took its name?

20. What are the names of the twin rivers with valleys just to the west of Durham City that join together near the town of Langley Moor before joining the River Wear near Croxdale?

21. Which North East city has a place-name that is thought to mean ‘separated land’?

Jack Crawford nailing his colours to the mast, Mowbray Park
Jack Crawford nailing his colours to the mast. Question 22: Photo © David Simpson

22. Where would you find a monument to Jack Crawford, the hero of the Battle of Camperdown, nailing the colours to a ship’s mast?

23. The Prudhoe-born and Berwick-raised actor Henry Travers (1974-1965) is famous for playing which role in a black and white Christmas themed movie?

24. For what notorious activity was the Northumbrian village of Boulmer principally noted in the eighteenth and early nineteenth century?

25. Name the South Shields-born director (left)  whose movie credits include Blade RunnerGladiator, Thelma and Louise, Blackhawk Down and Alien?

 

26. What links the crags on which Hadrian’s Wall stands, Bamburgh Castle rock, the Farne Islands and High Force waterfall in Teesdale?

27. What was the name of the Anglo-Saxon palace of King Edwin of Northumbria of which the outlines including an auditorium can be traced in aerial photographs in Glendale to the west of Wooler?

28. What is the surname of the Ryton-born folk duo sisters Rachel and Becky?

29. Hesleyside in North Tynedale was the principal seat of which North East border reiver clan?

30. Which famous North East MP, commemorated in song, once resided at Whitworth Hall near Spennymoor?

Whitworth Hall.
Whitworth Hall. See question 30. Photo © David Simpson 2018

31. Alnwick, Sedgefield and at one time Chester-le-Street are linked by which February tradition?

32. Where was the Dean and Chapter Colliery located?

33. Which famous North East ship, built at Wallsend In 1907 captured the Blue Riband prize for her eastbound transatlantic voyage that was achieved during the maiden voyage return? She then went on to claim the same prize for the westbound journey across the Atlantic during 1909.

Segedunum and the Tyne at Wallsend.
Segedunum Roman fort (bottom right). Photo © David Simpson 2018

34. Segedunum was the Roman name for the fort in which North East town?

35. What remarkable discovery was found at Howick on the Northumberland coast in 1983?

36. In terms of national boundaries what is unusual about the course of the river called the Bowmont Water in North Northumberland.

37. What was the name of the Bishop of Durham who founded Durham University? He was also, technically, the last ‘Prince Bishop’.

38. What links names such as Shaftoe, Storey, Robson, Charlton, Heron, Milburn, Collingwood, Armstrong, Elliot, Fenwick, Forster, Ridley, Nixon, Potts and Pringle?

39. Which Northumberland village gave its name to the battle of 1018 which resulted in the loss of much Northumbrian territory and more or less established the border with Scotland as it exists today?

Raby Castle
Raby Castle © David Simpson 2018

40. Brancepeth Castle near Durham, Raby Castle in Teesdale and Middleham Castle in Wensleydale in Yorkshire were the principal seats of which powerful northern family of medieval times?

Answers below

Answers

  1. South Shields.
  2. Ray Lonsdale.
  3. Bobby Thompson.
  4. Franc Roddam.
  5. The Spennymoor Settlement.
  6. River Wansbeck.
  7. Chillingham.
  8. The Brancepeth Brawn, a wild boar.
  9. The Venerable Bede.
  10. Cup and Ring markings.
  11. Stan Laurel.
  12. Northumberlandia.
  13. Trimdon.
  14. McKenzie Thorpe.
  15. Redesdale.
  16. She pickled him, to preserve his body and pretend he was still alive.
  17. Cullercoats.
  18. Shilbottle.
  19. The Rokeby Venus.
  20. The River Browney and River Deerness.
  21. Sunderland.
  22. Sunderland’s Mowbray Park.
  23. Clarence the Angel in ‘It’s a Wonderful Life’.
  24. Smuggling.
  25. Ridley Scott.
  26. The Great Whin Sill.
  27. Ad Gefrin (Yeavering).
  28. Unthank.
  29. The Charltons.
  30. Bobby Shafto.
  31. Shrove Tuesday football matches.
  32. Ferryhill.
  33. The Mauretania.
  34. Wallsend.
  35. Traces of a Stone Age house.
  36. The river begins in Scotland then heads northward – yes northward – into England.
  37. William Van Mildert.
  38. They’re all Border Reiver surnames.
  39. Carham on Tweed.
  40. The Nevilles.

North East Quiz 7

Old Bridge, Berwick.
A North East town. Quiz Question 1 © David Simpson 2018

1. Which North East town changed hands between Scotland and England 13 times but has been permanently part of England since 1482?

2. What was the name of the famed Newcastle-born admiral who was second in command to Nelson at the Battle of Trafalgar? His prominent statue stands near the mouth of the Tyne.

3. What is the name of the 200 feet long Teesdale Waterfall situated at the eastern end of Cow Green Reservoir?

4. Which London football club takes its name from Henry Percy, the thirteenth century Northumbrian battle hero, who was the son of the Earl of Northumberland?

Dog Leap Stairs, Newcastle
Dog Leap Stairs, Newcastle. Photo David Simpson

5. The Dog Leap Stairs on Newcastle Quayside are mentioned in which song by Dire Straits?

6. In which North East town would you find the Percy Tenantry Column, otherwise known as the ‘Farmers’ Folly’?

7.  Ad Caprae Caput meaning  ‘head of the goat’ was the name the Venerable Bede used for which North East town?

8.  William Wouldhave and Henry Greathead of South Shields were noted for the invention of what?

9. Which North East village with its notable castle was named from a Northumbrian queen called Bebba?

10. What was the name of the Newcastle merchant’s daughter who eloped with the future Lord Chancellor, John Scott, after escaping from the upper window of a Newcastle Quayside house using a ladder in November 1772.

Bessie Surtees
Quayside elopement

11.  What 320 million year old fossilised feature can be found in a churchyard at Stanhope in Weardale?

12. In historic times criminals who sought protection of sanctuary at Durham Cathedral for 37 days were then escorted to which North East port before they were banished abroad forever?

Peter Lee
Question 13. Gave his name to a North East town.

13.  What was the name of the trade union leader (1864-1935) who was head of England’s first all Labour County Council that assembled at Durham? His name was later adopted as the name of a North East town.

14. Where did the Allendale miner known as ‘Jack the Blaster’ reside from around 1782.

15.  Which glam-rock singer was born in Washington in 1945?

16.  Which famous poet was married at Seaham in 1815?

17.  Which South Tynedale town has a name that derives from the meaning ‘high fork’ probably from a junction of the river and a neighbouring burn?

18.  In North East dialect what is a booler?

19.  Din Guaire (or Din Guayroi) was the Celtic name for which North East castle site and is sometimes associated with the legendary Joyous Guard, the reputed castle of Sir Lancelot, the Arthurian knight?

20.  Who were the two North East mayors respectively known as ‘Newcastle’s Dick Whittington’ and ‘Durham’s Dick Whittington’?

Gainford.
Village near Darlington. Question 21 © David Simpson 2018

21.  Which pretty North East village was a popular place of retirement for Darlington residents, has a Jacobean hall and an historic church that reputedly stands on the site of a Northumbrian chieftain called Ida or Eda?

22.  What place was known to the Romans as Concangis and to the Anglo-Saxons as Conecaster?

Hexham Abbey
Hexham Abbey Photo © 2018 David Simpson

23.  Which Northumbrian saint links Hexham Abbey and Ripon Cathedral?

24.  In the 13th century which town was described as “So populous and of such commercial importance that it might rightly be called another Alexandria, whose riches were the sea and the water its walls”?

25.  Which North East song begins with the words “As aa cam’ thro’ Sandgate, Thro’ Sandgate, thro’ Sandgate, As aa cam’ thro’ Sandgate’ Aa heard a lassie sing”?

26.  Which well-known North East drink is sometimes known as ‘Dog’?

Souter Lighthouse
Electric Lighthouse, Question 27: Photo © David Simpson

27.  What was  the first lighthouse in the world to be purposely built to be powered by electricity and the first to use alternating current?

28.  By what name is the George V bridge in Newcastle better known?

29.  In historic times what North East town was often labelled as being ‘in the dirt’ from the poor state of its roads?

30.  What battle took place near Durham City in 1346 in which the Scottish king, David II was captured?

31.  Built in 1796 by Roland Burdon of Castle Eden, which bridge was then the biggest single-span bridge in the world?

32.  What disease was discovered by this Longbenton-born physician and scientist in 1855 and takes its name from his surname?

 

33.  Which bishop began the building of Durham Cathedral commenced in 1093?

Durham Cathedral viewed from Gilesgate
Durham Cathedral viewed from Gilesgate. Photo: ©  David Simpson

34.  Who officially opened the present Redheugh Bridge in Newcastle in May 1983?

35.  Who wrote the lengthy, much acclaimed North-East themed poem ‘Briggflats‘ in 1966?

36.  The verses of which peculiar nonsense poem that appeared in Lewis Carroll’s Alice through the Looking Glass were written at Croft on Tees near Darlington and at Whitburn near Sunderland and appear to be inspired by which North East worm legends?

37.  What was the name of the TV entertainer and magician born in 1938 who hailed from South Bank on Teesside?

38.  The residents of which North East town are known as ‘Sand Dancers’?

Gargoyles, Wallington
Strange gargoyles, Question 39.  Photo © David Simpson 2018

39.  Where would you find these strange creatures (above) and in which city did they originate?

40.  What was the surname of the Bernard (or Barnard) from which the Durham town and castle of Barnard Castle takes its name?

Answers below

 

 

ANSWERS

  1. Berwick on Tweed.
  2.  Cuthbert Collingwood.
  3. Cauldron Snout.
  4. Tottenham Hotspur named from Harry Hotspur.
  5. Down to the Waterline.
  6. Alnwick.
  7. Gateshead.
  8. Lifeboat.
  9. Bamburgh.
  10. Bessie Surtees.
  11. A tree stump.
  12. Hartlepool.
  13. Peter Lee whose name was adopted for the town of Peterlee.
  14. The cliff at Marsden near South Shields where we now find the Marsden Grotto.
  15. Bryan Ferry, lead singer with Roxy Music.
  16. Lord Byron.
  17. Haltwhistle.
  18. An iron hoop used and stick used as a children’s toy.
  19. Bamburgh.
  20. Roger Thornton (Newcastle); Sir John Duck (Durham).
  21. Gainford.
  22. Chester-le-Street.
  23. St Wilfrid.
  24. Berwick on Tweed.
  25. The Keel Row.
  26. Newcastle Brown Ale.
  27. Souter Lighthouse near South Shields.
  28. The Tyne Bridge.
  29. Darlington.
  30. Neville’s Cross.
  31. The original Wearmouth bridge at Sunderland.
  32. Thomas Addison: Addison’s Disease.
  33. William St Carileph (or St Calais) a Bishop of Durham.
  34. Diana, Princess of Wales.
  35. Basil Bunting.
  36. The Jabberwock apparently inspired by the Lambton Worm and Sockburn Worm legends.
  37. Paul Daniels.
  38. South Shields.
  39. Wallington Hall in Northumberland, they are originally from London.
  40. Balliol.