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The Georgian North 1714AD - 1838AD

The Georgian era stretches from 1714 to 1838, although the early part of the 19th Century is also called the Regency era. The Georgian era was the age of Industrial Revolution, world exploration and a new style of architecture. Note for industry in the Georgian era see the Coal to 1800 section.

1715 November - GEORDIES NOT JACOBITES (Newcastle)

George I a German Protestant, crowned king of England in 1714 despite objections from Scottish 'Jacobite' rebels who support James Stuart, the 'Old Pretender'. Leading rebel, Tom Forster of Bamburgh, marches an army into England. Every Northumberland to wn supports him except Newcastle which declares for King George. Newcastle folk are now called 'Geordies'. The Jacobites are later defeated at Preston .


In his 'Tour Through the Whole Island of Great Britain'  the writer Daniel Defoe described Newcastle as a "spacious, extended, infinitely populous place". He described the Tyne as, "a noble, large and deep river" and went on to say: "They build ships here to perfection, I mean as to strength and firmness, and to bear the sea; and as the coal trade occasions a demand for such strong ships, a great many are built here."

1727 - GEORGE II (Britain)

George II becomes King of Britain. Like his father King George I, he prefers Germany to Britain.

1736 - NEW TEETH (Bishop Auckland)

A 108-year-old woman is given a new set of teeth.

1739 - TURPIN HANGED (York)

Yorkshire highwayman Dick Turpin is hanged for murder.

June 9, 1740 - NEWCASTLE RIOT (Newcastle)

A riot breaks out in Newcastle over rising corn prices. The militia opens fire, killing one. Seven men are later transported.

April 17 1741 - FARMER'S WIFE GOES BESERK (Fishburn)

A farmer's wife called Charlton went berserk at a farm near Fishburn killing her 14-year-old son with a cleaver before killing her two younger children. She then committed suicide after stabbing herself below the ear. All this happened while her husband was trying to get a cow out of a ditch. The coroner recorded a verdict of lunacy.

May 1742 - WESLEY AT NEWCASTLE (Newcastle)

John Wesley, the founder of Methodism, preaches at Newcastle and records: "I was surprised; so much drunkenness, cursing and swearing, even from mouths of little children, do I never remember to have seen and heard before on so small a compass of time." Newcastle wil become one of his favourite places to preach.

1745 - NO JACOBITE SUPPORT (North-East)

Scottish Jacobites supporting Bonnie Prince Charlie rebel against George II. There is little North-East support so the Jacobites march south through Cumbria avoiding troops stationed at Framwellgate Moor and Newcastle. The Jacobites later retreat and will be defeated at Culloden.

1759 - STOCKTON PRESS GANG (Stockton)

John Wesley is interrupted by a press gang raid during his sermon in the High Street at Stockton.

1760 - SHAFTO MP (County Durham)

Bobby Shafto becomes an MP for County Durham.

January 1760 - PRESS GANG (North Shields)

Sixty men are captured by Press Gangs but they manage to take control of the ship that captured them and sail into Scarborough where they escape.

1761 March 9, - HEXHAM MASSACRE (Hexham Market Place)

Troops open fire on the crowd after The Riot Act was read to Allendale miners demonstrating against army conscription methods. Forty men are killed on the spot. A 74-year-old man is later hanged for his part in the riot, but it is discovered he was not in Hexham on the day in question.

July 13, 1764 - ICE ROCKS SHOWER (Hartlepool)

Ice crystals with a five inch circumference shower Hartlepool for 15 minutes at 8am.

November 1765 - STORMS KILL KEELMEN (Tyneside)

Storms kill 30 keelmen and leave 53 Tyneside children fatherless.


Cockfield's Jeremiah Dixon surveys the Mason-Dixon line which gives its name to 'Dixieland'.

1768 - ELSIE MARLEY (Chester-le-Street)

Elsie Marley, landlady of the White Swan, Picktree, falls to her death in a pit.

1769 - JAMES COOK (The World)

James Cook, born at Marton near Middlesbrough in 1728, once lived on a farm at the foot of Roseberry Topping. He is placed in charge of HM Bark Endeavour to explore new lands. He journeys to Tahiti, New Zealand and Australia where he names a great bay Bo tany Bay.

November 17, 1771 - GREAT FLOOD (North-East)

A flood hits the North destroying every major bridge on the Tyne, Wear and Tees.

1772 - COOK VOYAGE (The World)

James Cook sets sail on a second voyage in search of the great southern continent, sailing as far south as the Antarctic Circle.

1774 - BACKHOUSE BANK (Darlington)

Jonathan Backhouse establishes a bank in Darlington's High Row.


Highwayman Robert Hazlett was hanged at Gateshead for robbing a lady and a postman. His body was left to hang at Beacon Lough near gateshead.

August 21, 1776 - POSTMAN EXECUTED (Town Moor, Newcastle)

A South Shields postman is executed for stealing a letter containing two 50 notes from Newcastle Post office.


Captain James Cook's third great sea voyage ends in disaster when he is murdered on Hawaii following an affray between his crew and natives.

1779 - AMERICAN BOMBER (Alnmouth)

American Privateer John Paul Jones bombs Alnmouth from his boat just off the coast to support American independence.

1782 - MARSDEN GROTTO (South Shields)

Quarryman 'Jack the Blaster' blasts a home at Marsden Rock.

1788 - GEORGIAN THEATRE (Richmond)

Richmond's Georgian theatre opens.

1790 December 9, - STOCKTON EARTHQUAKE (Stockton)

Residents of Stockton report a great earthquake.

1790 - BEWICK BOOK (Newcastle)

The Newcastle engraver Thomas Bewick publishes his History of Quadropeds.

1790 - WORLD'S FIRST LIFEBOAT (South Shields)

William Wouldhave and Henry Greathead invent the first lifeboat called The Original.

July 17, 1792 - SEDGEFIELD HAILSTORM (Sedgefield)

Sedgefield's streets are filled with two feet of hail damaging many houses and windows.

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