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Before the Wall 71AD-122 AD

71AD - FORT BUILT ON TEES (Piercebridge)

The Romans are building a fort and bridge on the River Tees at Piercebridge. It will be of strategic importance in the subjugation of the Brigantes tribe whose fort at Stanwick is nearby.

73AD - BRIGANTES ABANDON STANWICK (North Yorkshire)

The Brigantes have been forced to abandon their great tribal stronghold at Stanwick St John following Roman pressure.

79AD - ROMANS MARCH TO TYNE (North-East)

The Romans have reached the River Tyne on the northern fringe of the Brigantes- land. Beyond the Tyne the major tribe are the Votadini who are based in the Bamburgh area of Northumberland with their territory extending north to Edinburgh. The people of Caledonia are now under threat from the Romans.

80AD - GREAT NORTH ROADS ARE BUILT (North)

Julius Agricola, the Roman governor of Britain, has commenced his military campaign in Caledonia from his supply base at Corbridge. The Stanegate Roman road is being built through the Tyne Gap from Corbridge-on-Tyne to Carlisle. Dere Street, a main route running from York to Caledonia in the north, is also being constructed. These roads will be complete by 85AD.

81AD - AGRICOLA IMPROVES YORK (York)

Julius Agricola has carried out improvements to the defences at the York legionary fortress.

83AD - HIGHLANDERS DEFEATED IN GREAT BATTLE (Scotland)

Julius Agricola-s army has been campaigning on the western coast of Caledonia. Agricola-s campaign culminated in the heavy defeat of the Highland tribes called the Caledonii at the battle of Mons Grapius somewhere in the Caledonian mountains. The Roman subjugation of Britain is now complete. A fortress has been built at Inchtuthill in Tayside which will be the headquarters of the Roman 20th Legion.

90AD - ROMANS LEAVE CALEDONIA (Scotland)

Difficult terrain and unpredictable tribes in Caledonia have made Roman administration of the land beyond the Rivers Forth and Clyde impossible. All Roman positions in Caledonia have now been abandoned.

105AD - FORTS DESTROYED (Northumberland)

Permanent forts in southern Caledonia have been abandoned and the Roman frontier looks as if it is set to move south once again. Roman forts at Newstead, High Rochester and Glenlochar have been destroyed by the native Britons.

117AD - HADRIAN BECOMES NEW EMPEROR (Rome)

Publius Aelius Hadrianus (Hadrian) has become the new Emperor of Rome. His appointment has coincided with a major revolt against the Romans by the Brigantes but Falco, the new governor of Britain, has successfully subdued them.

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